PROSODY: approximate time
For narratives and doctrine (texts of prose), the syllabic time is not determined. Thus, the time of the eighth note, which is always equivalent to the syllabic time, is likewise undetermined. Let us look at the spoken discourse: the neutral, stressed and dynamic syllables last a variable and approximate amount of time, depending on their importance in the verbal sentence. The melody sticks to these variations and directs their proportion, being the primary interpreter of the text which it accompanies. It should be noted that what is "natural" is the rule. Any misplaced rhythm causes a flaw. This is the whole art of chanting, which is related to the art of speech...
VALUE OF SMALL NOTES
The small diamond-shaped notes among the usual notes of prosody have an important and delicate function. Above all, they should not be compared with our "ornaments": they are an integral part of the melody, and to remove them would be tantamount to an actual amputation. Not to give them sufficient duration causes an uncomfortable feeling. The best guide is always the verbal and tonal context. The interpreter should do his utmost to judge the length of duration attributed to a group of words according to its relative value in the general sense of the verse. The names of the signs are a precious indication of the way to interpret their value; "jet", "drawing out", "dispersion", "cluster", etc. (cf. p. 43) such indications should of course be adapted to the verse.
THE FUNCTION OF TIED NOTES: small tied notes
The ties used in the prosody only serve to suggest a necessary lengthening of certain syllables, which can sometimes be of considerable importance. The degrees are as follows: an eighth having one tie: slightly drawn out; an eighth tied to a small note: equivalent to approximately two eighths; tied to a small note with a tie: even more drawn out.
Constitutive alterations appear as a key signature only when convenient; as accidentals, they are valid for one
The accompaniment written in the treble-clef should be played at the lower octave, preferably on a small harp or lute, or if these instruments are not available, on a guitar. Of course, this was not deduced from the deciphering key, but was added in order to give the melody its normal setting (the biblical text is explicit: the psalms had an accompaniment, cf. p. 40). Full concert version for choir is available: accompaniment small harp and lute (trumpet and cymbals optional).
Psalmody: the cadence is stable in the chorus and slightly more flexible for the soli. Nevertheless, no
excess is tolerated. Reserve prevails as a form of respect but does not affect the expression, which is intense.
Prosody: as we have already stated, any misplaced excess should be avoided, but on the other hand any
stiffness is totally undesirable. One must fully understand the written text, which is shrouded by the melody, and serve it well.
The performer will benefit from listening to the interpretation on the record corresponding to this collection. All the works included here can be found on the recording.
These melodies were intended almost wholly for the Levites. They are set forth here for middle register, the chorus for equal register.
ANY ADAPTATION of these melodies to a language other than Hebrew is forbidden as they "bound" to the accents of the sacred
text, both from point of view of sound and rhythm.
LIVING MUSICAL TRADITION
at the Temple of Jerusalem
- In the 10th century before our era, a Music Academy for worship was created by David: "four thousand (Levites) will praise the Lord, with the instruments which I made to praise therewith." (I Chr. 23:5).
- The holy service was carried out by 288 cantors and instrumentalists directed by gestures representing sounds: "... all these were under the hands of their fathers for song in the house of the Lord with cymbals, psalteries and harps (...) So the number of them, all masters (...) was two hundred fourscore and eight." (I Chr. 25:1, 6-7).
- Participants at the inauguration of the Temple of Solomon numbered over 400 "The singers all of them (...) being arrayed in
white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar; with them a hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets." (II Chr. 5: 12-13).
- Under Joash, king and reformer, (9th century before the actual era), again were heard the songs of the Levites "according to
the hands of David."(II Chr. 23:18).
- Similarly, when the foundations of the second temple were laid ... "the Levites sang the Hallel according to the hands of David". (Ezra 3:10).
- In the 3rd century before our era, the tradition still persisted; as witnessed by Jesus ben Sira: "Then the sons of Aaron shouted ... Then the singers praised him with their voices in sweet and full-toned melody...'' (Ecclesiastics 50:16,18).
- Under Herod they were still practicing. Josephus records a minimum of 12 cantors and 12 instrumentalists.
- In the 2nd century of our era Hebrew sacred music is again cited as an example by Clement of Alexandria: "The songs of the Hebrews were in regular and harmonious cadence, their melodies simple and solemn."
DECIPHERING KEY OF THE MUSICAL SIGNS OF THE BIBLE
- A concise and Brief Notation
SIGNS APPEARING BELOW WORDS correspond to a note having a definite pitch: it is one of the seven degrees of the normal scale. The pitch adopted for the tonic determines the pitch of the other notes of the scale.
- Economy of signs: signs appearing below words not only affect the syllables under which they are placed, but the following ones as well, as long as a new sign below the words does not occur. The sign "ֽ", tonic, is understood at the beginning of each verse, when no other sign appears below.
SIGNS APPEARING ABOVE WORDS correspond to notes
Two, or maximum three.
" pitch. They are subordinated to the previous signs appearing below the words. They are either the next degree (higher or lower) or another note, but always relative to the pitch of the note represented by the preceding sign appearing below the words.
INVARIABLE RULE: the signs above words affect only the syllables above which they are placed.
- Economy of signs: with the following syllable, the note represented by the previous sign below the words (still valid. as has already
been mentioned) is reintegrated.
This reintegration is sometimes anticipated or even avoided if the context so demands. (See book, Appendix).
TWO COMPLEMENTARY SYSTEMS make up this notation: one for the narrative, doctrines, etc. (texts of prose), and the other for the psalms and proverbs.
CHARACTERISTICS OF ARCHAIC NOTATION
There are no signs of rhythm, as they are superfluous. The syllabic time is constant in the psalms (see page VIII) and is deduced from the words of the text in prose. (The usage is ancestral and universally practiced (see page VIII).
Nor is the form of scale mentioned which is the case, moreover, in the ancient notation ("neumatiques": see my book). It was
certainly known to the Levites. as the skilled musician may detect from the close connection between the melody and the verbal text which it interprets
(the key-signature and accidental alterations only appeared a few centuries ago as a result of the complexity of the tonal system).
For fuller details, see my book "LA MUSIQUE DE LA BIBLE REVELEE".
THE VALIDITY OF THE DECODING is confirmed by the extraordinary coincidence between the meaning of the signs' names and their musical. meaning as attributed to them by the deciphering key.
Similar signs (D)
אֽ א֥ א֖ א֑ א֣ א֚
Siluk Mercha Tipcha Etnachta Munach Mahpach
סִלּֽוּק מֵרְכָ֥א טִפְּחָ֖א אֶתְנַחְתָּ֑א מֻנַּ֣ח מַהְפַּ֤ך
ב֙ ב֜ ב֡ ב֘
Pashta Geresh Pazer Tsinnorit (E)
פַּשְׁטָא֙ גֵּ֜רֵשׁ פָּזֵ֡ר צִנּוֹרִת֘
(A) Of relative value, not absolute (B) See p. 44 (C) sign below assumed, for demonstration purposes. (D) same value. (E) Different value, in prosody, justified by etymology (see p. 43)
The deciphering Key outlined herein is the exclusive property of the Author. Any musical production using this original Key as applied to any BIBLE verses whatsoever must first be submitted to the Honorary Music Committee of the FONDATION ROI DAVID, sole authority to endorse its value and total conformity with the system set forth in this work.
Any such new production --as executed, reproduced, or published-- must bear the indication: realized in accordance with the deciphering Key of Suzanne HAIK VANTOURA and approved by the Honorary Music committee of the FOUNDATION ROI DAVID. It is essential to preserve the other spiritual testament which restoring music to the Bible represents.
With this objective in mind, and in order to encourage disciples eager to pursue the task undertaken, the Author has organized a seminar.
For further information contact
the FONDATION ROI DAVID (a non profit organization as defined by the law of 1901)
THE VERIFICATION RULER
enables one to verify whether each note of the reconstructed melody of the Bible is indeed deduced from the strict application of the deciphering key, excluding any addition, subtraction or change.
TO CHECK SIGNS APPEARING BELOW WORDS: place the corresponding sign on the ruler at the left of the sign in question in the melody (first of all, check that the scale used in the piece of music coincides with one of the scales among the four different types (tessitura used in this volume), shown on the right-hand side of the ruler). The same note should be attributed to the first sign "sillouk" which is the tonic. The seven other notes of the same type of scale will always correspond to those found in the melody (in the course of the piece of music in question) if the previous condition is observed.
TO CHECK SIGNS APPEARING ABOVE WORDS: place the ruler exactly at the level of the note corresponding to the sign below preceding the sign above the words that is undergoing verification (line or space):The following notes - those corresponding to the sign in question - are always exactly the same on the ruler and in the music. No other note is ever added.